In the first episode they had to take action pictures of a fencing athlete. And only one photographers was able to shoot with the athletes shirt off. In the second episode they take some photos of beautiful models in very nice dresses. I would love to be able to be a photographer. This is because of the beautiful pictures that they can take. There is so many subject to shoot its almost an infinite amount.
The thing that you should remember is that JPEG files are compressed quickly in the camera, and thus result in a loss of detail and quality.
These file formats are usually uncompressed, and as a result offer the opportunity for extensive post-processing.
RAW files are generally available on advanced compact cameras and DSLRs.
This file format, created by Adobe, is an attempt to create a standard raw file format across all manufacturers and cameras.
The strength of PNGs are that they are compressed in a lossless format, and so retain all the digital detail. But unlike other file formats, that quality doesn’t mean big file sizes, which are not useful on the internet where you need pages to be loaded quickly.
Like PNGs, GIF files are ideal for use on the internet. Lossless compression means image quality is not sacrificed, and like PNGs they also offer the ability to maintain transparency and also allow for animation
BMPs are large file sizes as color data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression.
This file type is what Adobe Photoshop uses as a default to save data.
- Auto mode tells your camera to use it’s best judgement to select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can.
- With some cameras auto mode lets you override flash or change it to red eye reduction. This mode will give you nice results in many shooting conditions.
- When you switch to portrait mode your camera will automatically select a large aperture which helps to keep your background out of focus.
- Portrait mode works best when you’re photographing a single subject so get in close enough to your subject.
- Macro mode lets you move your closer into your subject to take a close up picture.
- It’s great for shooting flowers, insects or other small objects.
- This mode is almost the exact opposite of portrait mode in that it sets the camera up with a small aperture.
- It’s therefore ideal for capturing shots of wide scenes, particularly those with points of interest at different distances from the camera.
- Photographing moving objects is what sports mode is designed for.
- It is ideal for photographing any moving objects including people playing sports, pets, cars, wildlife etc.
- This is a really fun mode to play around with and can create some wonderfully colorful and interesting shots.
- Night mode is for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground.
- This mode extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones.
- Keep in mind that moving images take up significantly more space on your memory storage than still images.
Aperture Priority Mode (A or AV)
- This mode is really a semi-automatic mode where you choose the aperture and where your camera chooses the other settings so as to ensure you have a well balanced exposure.
- Aperture priority mode is useful when you’re looking to control the depth of field in a shot.
Shutter Priority Mode (S or TV)
- Shutter priority is very similar to aperture priority mode but is the mode where you select a shutter speed and the camera then chooses all of the other settings.
- You would use this mode where you want to control over shutter speed.
Program Mode (P)
- Some digital cameras have this priority mode in addition to auto mode.
- In those cameras that have both, Program mode is similar to Auto but gives you a little more control over some other features
- In this mode you have full control over your camera and need to think about all settings.
- It gives you the flexibility to set your shots up as you wish.
20 important facts I learned about camera lenses:
- All DSLR systems offer a dizzying selection of lenses for their cameras
- Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present
- Wide angles give a wide expansive view
- Wide angles are also handy in tight areas
- Standard lenses usually range from about 35mm to around 85mm
- Lenses in the standard zoom range will cover moderate wide angles
- There are a variety of specialty lenses available
- A “fast” lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger
- Sports present its own set of challenges
- Telephoto lenses compress distance
- Telephoto zooms allow one to stand back a little when the subject isn’t quite as approachable
- Standard zooms are generally included in many SLR kits that come with lenses
- Prime lenses are lenses that are just one focal length
- Standard zoom lenses are great “walk around” lenses
- Wide angles have the potential to drastically change your photography
- Less expensive lenses will usually have variable apertures
- More expensive lenses have a fixed aperture
- Telephoto zooms are extremely useful for portraiture
- Zooming into the telephoto end of the lens can take a great portrait
- Wide angles can give volume to the small area